Volume 18, Issue 113 (2021)                   FSCT 2021, 18(113): 91-100 | Back to browse issues page


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Jooyandeh H, Alizadeh behbahani B, Noshad M. The effect of inulin on the viability of Lactobacillus fermentum strain 4-17 in probiotic ice cream and evaluation of its microbial and physicochemical properties. FSCT 2021; 18 (113) :91-100
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-37033-en.html
1- Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Technology, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran , hosjooy@yahoo.com
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Technology, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran
Abstract:   (1534 Views)

Ice cream is a unique food product that is very popular in Iran and around the world. As a result of much research into converting this nutrient food into a useful product, the addition of probiotic bacteria, fat reduction, dry matter enhancement and improved health benefits have been done. Probiotics ice cream contains live microbial cells that are well-suited to the distribution of probiotics to consumers. In this study, prebiotic ice cream containing Lactobacillus fermentum strain 4-17 and inulin was prepared at 0, 2.5 and 5% levels. Microbial tests, dry matter measurement, volume increase, pH and acidity determination, melting rate and tissue parameters were evaluated. Evaluation of probiotic bacterial growth over 90 days of survival in different samples showed that the survival rate of this strain in the presence of 5% inulin was about two logarithmic units higher than that produced with 2.5% inulin and about 5 logarithmic units higher than the sample. It was in control. The pH range was 6.8-8.8, 19 to 25 degrees acidity, dry matter was 61.3 to 36.14% and volume increase was 34.38- 15.85%. Also due to the increase in apparent viscosity and decrease in melting rate (from 1.89 to 0.74 g/min), improvement in tissue properties (55% increase in hardness, 69% decrease in adhesion and 29% increase in cohesion) as well as increased product desirability during storage. At 95% confidence level, inulin can be used as an alternative to fat and tissue optimizer.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Supplemented foods (probiotics, parabiotics ...)
Received: 2019/10/3 | Accepted: 2020/02/1 | Published: 2021/07/1

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