Volume 20, Issue 141 (2023)                   FSCT 2023, 20(141): 147-156 | Back to browse issues page


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Shokohi T, Shahab Lavasani A, Dastmalchi F, Zarei H, Hajizadeh K. Evaluation of antifungal effect and non-growth diameter, of Persian oak’s Jaft extract on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum molds (indicator of mold spoilage after citrus fruits harvest). FSCT 2023; 20 (141) :147-156
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-67841-en.html
1- Department of Food Sciences and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran.
2- Department of Food Sciences and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran. , shahabam20@yahoo.com
3- Food Technology and Agricultural Products Research Center - Standard Research Institute
4- Department of Biology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Physics, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (592 Views)
The usage of plant extraction such as tannins, flavonoids & et. as an alternative to fungicidal effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate of  the antifungal effect of Iranian oak Jaft extract after extraction by different methods on Penicillium italicum and (Penicillium digitatum as an indicator of citrus fruit mold spoilage. molds were expossered by different concentrations of oak Jaft extract. The investigated factors including minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (mg/ml), minimum lethal concentration (MFC) (mg/ml) and non-growth diameter (mm) were determined by the methods of tube dilution, surface culture and diffusion in agar well (WD). The results showed that different concentrations of aqueous extract had significantly effect (p<0.05) on the non-growth  diameter of molds. The antifungal effect was significantly (p<0.05)increased in concentrations of 40 and 80 mg/ml aqueous extract. In this research, Fludioxionil 25%  poison as a control group showed a significant difference(p<0.05) in molds growth. In general, the extract of Iranian oak Jaft can be used to control the fungal spoilage of citrus fruits.
 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Extraction of effective compounds
Received: 2023/03/1 | Accepted: 2023/05/15 | Published: 2023/10/23

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