Volume 20, Issue 137 (2023)                   FSCT 2023, 20(137): 35-48 | Back to browse issues page

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Naseri H, Fadavi A, Sayyed-Alangi S Z. Investigating the effect of Transglutaminase enzyme and Ultrasonication on the properties of Barbari bread containing soybean meal. FSCT 2023; 20 (137) :35-48
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-65606-en.html
1- Department of Food Science and Technology, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, Iran
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, Iran , fadavi.ac.ir@gmail.com
3- Department of Chemistry, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, Iran
Abstract:   (411 Views)
Soybean meal is one of the sources of vegetable protein, which together with wheat flour proteins, can provides a complete source of amino acids for the human body, so using it in bread can help to solve protein deficiencies. For this purpose, to prepare Barbari bread containing soy meal, a combined design containing a group of mixing variables, including different levels of transglutaminase enzyme (0 to 1 %), soybean meal flour (0 to 50 %), wheat flour as filler (0 to 100 %) and a process variable including ultrasonic altitude (0 to 100%) was used and physicochemical and sensory characteristics including total ash, pH, moisture, porosity and taste, texture and color scores were investigated. The results showed that transglutaminase enzyme and ultrasonication have a significant effect on physicochemical properties and porosity (P<0.0001). The significant increase in color score of the samples was due to the positive and significant effect (P<0.0001) of soybean meal on that characteristic. The porosity of the samples was significantly affected (P<0.0001) by the interaction of enzyme and ultrasound. Finally, in order to obtain samples with the highest porosity and color, taste and texture scores, it is suggested to use the mixing ratio of soybean meal flour 33%, enzyme 1%, wheat flour 66% and ultrasound altitude 100%.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Cereal and products technology
Received: 2022/11/24 | Accepted: 2023/06/13 | Published: 2023/07/1

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