Volume 18, Issue 120 (2021)                   FSCT 2021, 18(120): 133-151 | Back to browse issues page

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Moeini A, Shafafi Zenoozian1 M, Karajhiyan H, Elhami Rad A H, Pedram Nia A. Wheat Flour Substitution in Production of Reduced Gluten Pound Cake Using Millets. FSCT 2021; 18 (120) :133-151
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-55603-en.html
1- Department of Food Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar Branch, Sabzevar, Iran
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar Branch, Sabzevar, Iran , mshafafiz@gmail.com
3- Islamic Azad University, Torbat Heidarieh Branch
Abstract:   (1681 Views)
Bakery products that contain main part of food process industries usually made with wheat flour and establish a stable gluten network when mixed with water. Although presence of gluten proteins in wheat flour is a unique property, but substituting of wheat flour with other cereal grains up to a certain limit is possible. In current research three different millet varieties namely Proso, Pearl and Foxtail millet were used. Millet flour was used in proportions of 10, 30, 50 and 100% in replacing wheat flour in a cake recipe. Sensorial properties, textural attributes and color indices were evaluated. Results showed that increase in millet concentration in cake formulation decreased the efficiency properties of cooking of dough. Cake height decreased with increase in millet concentration in dough. Pearl millet showed a better cake volume in comparing with the two other millets. Cake cohesiveness decreased with increase in millet substitution and these variations was the same for all varieties. Millet composition in dough decreased adhesiveness of the product. Cakes with higher millet composition showed higher hardness. Totally, Pearl millet produced better cakes in comparison with Proso and Foxtail millets. Total acceptability of millet cakes obtained higher scores at sensory analysis. Considering all characteristics used in current study, 30% substitution level suggested as the best substitution level. The results of current research are valuable at bakery products containing millets.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Cereal and products technology
Received: 2021/09/14 | Accepted: 2021/10/23 | Published: 2021/12/1

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