Volume 18, Issue 117 (2021)                   FSCT 2021, 18(117): 307-319 | Back to browse issues page


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Pourhosseinali A, Jafari Naeimi K, Akhavan H, Mortezapour H. Evaluation of the effect of continuous ultraviolet irradiation system on quality characteristics of lemon juice. FSCT 2021; 18 (117) :307-319
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-52442-en.html
1- Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran , hr.akhavan@uk.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1557 Views)
Ultraviolet radiation was used in the present study to process lemon juice. The designed UV system had five UV-C lamps and irradiation was performed based on the distance of the lamps (10, 20, and 30 cm) from the fluid layer and the circulation time (10, 20, and 30 minutes) of lemon juice in the system. Non-irradiated sample was also considered as a control treatment. The control and irradiated samples were filled in dark polyethylene bottles and stored at ambient temperature for 90 days. Immediately after irradiation and during the storage period, parameters such as pH, titratable acidity, total soluble solids, ascorbic acid content, color indices (L*, a*, and b*), browning index, as well as sensory attributes were evaluated. The pH, acidity, and total soluble solids did not show a definite trend. The results showed that among the color indices, L* decreased significantly, but a* and b* increased significantly during the storage period. The rate of color changes in irradiated samples from a distance of 10 cm was higher than other treatments. Irradiation also significantly reduced the ascorbic acid content of irradiated samples from a distance of 10 cm compared to other samples and control. However, the browning of irradiated samples from 10 cm distance was significantly less than that of irradiated samples from 20 and 30 cm distance. The score of the panelists indicated that irradiation and storage time altered the quality characteristics of lemon juice. The panelistschr('39') scores showed more acceptance of irradiated samples from 20 and 30 cm distance compared to irradiated samples from 10 cm distance. In general, the designed system in this study is not recommended for lemon juice processing due to the destructive effect of UV-C radiation on the content of ascorbic acid.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Food Chemistry
Received: 2021/05/11 | Accepted: 2021/07/3 | Published: 2021/11/1

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