Volume 17, Issue 105 (2020)                   FSCT 2020, 17(105): 31-46 | Back to browse issues page


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delalat P, Lida Shahsevani Mojarad L, Mahdikhani S. The study effect of using pumpkin flour on the preparation of diet biscuits and its sensory and physicochemical properties. FSCT 2020; 17 (105) :31-46
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-34255-en.html
1- Islamic azad university
2- Azad university , Shahsavani.l@gmail.com
3- azad university
Abstract:   (2457 Views)
In the present study, pumpkin flour with 0, 1, 3 and 5% was used as a substitute for flour and sugar in biscuit formulations. The physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, sensory properties and peroxide value of the samples during the intervals 1, 30 and 60 days after baking were examined. The results of rheological evaluation of dough showed that the lowest degree of dough softening and the highest quality number belonged to the treatment T3 (containing 5% pumpkin flour + 95% wheat flour + 25% sugar) (p≤0.05). By increasing the amount of pumpkin flour, the protein content of cooked biscuits significantly decreased and the fat, fiber and moisture content of biscuits significantly increased (p≤0.05). With the increase in the amount of pumpkin flour, the content of the peroxide value of biscuits significantly decreased. In all of the studied days, increasing the amount of pumpkin flour, the total phenol content of the samples increased significantly and the IC50 of the biscuits significantly decreased (p≤0.05). The results showed that adding different amounts of pumpkin flour caused a significant decrease in the hardness and cohesiveness of the samples (p≤0.05) The sensory evaluation results of the samples showed that the highest total acceptance rating belonged to the treatment T3 (containing 5% pumpkin flour + 95% wheat flour + 25% sugar), the treatment was introduced as superior treatment.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Enriching food
Received: 2019/06/26 | Accepted: 2020/06/21 | Published: 2020/10/31

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