Volume 21, Issue 148 (2024)                   FSCT 2024, 21(148): 1-15 | Back to browse issues page

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Hosseini S M, Tavakolipour H, Mokhtarian M, Armin M. Optimizing the preparation of chitosan-caffeic acid nanogel containing Shirazi thyme essential oil and nisin and investigating the effect of optimized nanogel on the quality of Iranian white cheese.. FSCT 2024; 21 (148) :1-15
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-62620-en.html
1- گروه علوم و صنایع غذایی، واحد سبزوار، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سبزوار، ایران
2- azad univ. , h.tavakolipour@gmail.com
3- azad univ.
4- Department of Agronomy, Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran
Abstract:   (542 Views)
This study aimed to optimize the formulation of chitosan-caffeic acid nanogel containing Shirazi thyme (Zataria multiflora) essential oil (ZEO) and nisin. The independent variables (the concentration of chitosan nanogel, Shirazi-thyme, and nisin) were optimized based on the highest zeta potential and encapsulation efficiency, besides the lowest particle size and IC50(DPPH) values. The results of The Box-Behnken experimental design and Stepwise-response surface model showed the optimal nanogel formulation was as follows: chitosan concentration= 0.4 g; ZEO= 157.1 ppm and nisin= 10.1 ppm. The particle size, zeta-potential, antioxidant activity, and encapsulation efficiency of the optimal chitosan-ZEO-nisin nanogel were 411.39±18.11 nm, 32.90±1.10 mV, 0.79±0.06 mg.mL-1, 71.06-82.69% respectively. Moreover, the addition of optimized nanogel to the Iranian white cheese formulation showed that the treated cheese samples with ZEO and nisin (free or encapsulated in chitosan nanogel) improved the microbial quality of chess. The antimicrobial activity of the ZEO and nisin encapsulated in chitosan-caffeic acid nanogel was higher than a free form of ZEO-nisin. The Coliforms population of cheeses treated with sodium nitrate and chitosan nanogel containing ZEO-nisin was acceptable during 60 days of storage. During the storage period, the most changes in the color and texture (hardness) of the cheese samples were related to the control sample, and the least change was obtained for samples treated with sodium-nitrate and chitosan nanogel (P < 0.05). Also, the sensory quality of the sample containing ZEO and nisin was acceptable for the sensory evaluator. The sample containing chitosan nanogel received an acceptable sensory score (> 3) during 60 days of storage. In general, the potential of the nanogel in increasing the shelf-life of Iranian white cheese was comparable with sodium nitrate. 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Extraction of effective compounds
Received: 2022/07/1 | Accepted: 2024/01/2 | Published: 2024/05/21

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