Volume 18, Issue 117 (2021)                   FSCT 2021, 18(117): 289-305 | Back to browse issues page


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Jafari Taeme A, Rasouli M, Rahmati-Joneidabad M. The effect of pollen type on the morphological traits,level of fatty acids, oils and some progeny elements from a controlled cross of almond cultivar Shahrood 12. FSCT 2021; 18 (117) :289-305
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-42935-en.html
1- MSc. Student of Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran
2- Associate Professor of Horticulture Science and Landscape Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran. , mousarasouli@gmail.com
3- Assistant Professor of Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran
Abstract:   (1409 Views)
Almond (Prunus dulcis L.) is one of the most important nut fruits and products, which is commercially grown in vast areas of the world. Almond kernel contains valuable compounds including vitamins, carbohydrates (fiber and soluble sugars), protein, fatty acids and mineral salts. Considering the importance of fatty acids in almonds. this study investigated the fatty acid content of pollen and seed parents and offspring of Shahrood 12 with selective pollinizers using Gas chromatography (GC). Also oil extraction by Soxhlet Elements were measured by atomic absorption method in parents and progeny of crosses. Some quantitative and qualitative traits related to dried fruit and almond kernels were also analyzed. The results showed that the highest amount of kernels weight in progeny obtained from crosses was related to free pollination. The results showed that the highest amount of oleic acid (18: 1) and linoleic acid (18: 2) was observed in MSK84 (75.51%) and shahrood14 (19.20%) pollinizers, respectively. Also, the highest amount of oleic acid with 72% was obtained in the offspring of Shahrood 12 (♀) × Shahrood 14(♂). The maximum amount of linoleic acid was obtained with 18.40% in the offspring resulting from Shahrood 12 (♀) × MSK84 (♂). On the other hand, the highest amount of palmitic acid (9.5%) was found in the progeny obtained from open pollination of Shahrood 12. These three types of fatty acids have the highest percentage among the seven fatty acids measured in the almond kernel. The highest amount of oil was obtained in progeny of mother Shahrood 12 with 54.42% MSK82 and 38.32% in MSK83 also The results showed that among the different genotypes Rate of oil (38.32-54.42%), Iron (85.48-138.53 mg / 1000 g), Copper (20.32-47.48 mg / 1000 g), Manganese (18.04 -44.67 mg / 1000 g).
 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Nuts, Nuts & Brains, Dried Fruits
Received: 2020/05/16 | Accepted: 2021/06/19 | Published: 2021/11/1

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