Volume 19, Issue 128 (2022)                   FSCT 2022, 19(128): 11-22 | Back to browse issues page

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BANAIE E, Mojaverian M, Hosseini yekani S A, Mirzaei A. Assessing the calories received by different household income groups under the influence of the nominal income compensation policy resulting from the price shock of selected foodstuffs. FSCT 2022; 19 (128) :11-22
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-63170-en.html
1- PhD Student of Agricultural Economics, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran , mmojaverian@yahoo.com
3- Associate Professors , Department of Agricultural Economics, Sari University Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran
4- Assistance professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Agriculture Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran
Abstract:   (1003 Views)
Food security and its side effects is an issue that has directly or indirectly posed serious challenges to all countries in the world, especially developing countries such as Iran. Given the importance of nutrition and food consumption in household budget planning and the direct impact of prices on it, this article seeks to examine the effects of price shocks along with the nominal income compensation policy on household food security. To achieve this goal, four food groups are cereals (bread, rice and pasta), livestock products (red meat, white meat, dairy and eggs), and other agricultural products (potatoes, vegetables, fruits). Cereals and processed products (oil and sugar) were considered due to their high share in the household food basket.
Using the multi-market equilibrium model, the effects of price shocks of this group of products along with the nominal income compensation policy on the amount of calories received by households were evaluated separately for urban and rural income groups.
The results showed that the increase in income will lead the consumption pattern of poor households to consume more livestock products assuming the price of these products is stable and the consumption pattern of middle households to more consumption of agricultural products despite the increase in prices of these products. In this regard, the results showed that the sensitivity of poor households in the community, especially poor rural households to changes in income is very high. And increasing or decreasing the income of this group of households can play a decisive role in improving or weakening their food security. Therefore, it is suggested that the government men play an important role in supporting these households in the conditions of inflation in products and food, by granting subsidies and allocating the necessary funds to poor households, especially the rural poor. Due to the different influence of households with different income levels, it is necessary to establish the necessary support policies based on the income level of the household. Based on this, it is suggested to use support policies that are a combination of price and income policies for household consumption management.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: food industry engineering
Received: 2022/07/27 | Accepted: 2022/09/10 | Published: 2022/10/2

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