Volume 19, Issue 124 (2022)                   FSCT 2022, 19(124): 1-17 | Back to browse issues page


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Lavaei Y, Varidi M, Nooshkam M. The impact of browning intensity on interfacial properties of gellan gum-soy protein conjugate obtained through the Maillard reaction. FSCT 2022; 19 (124) :1-17
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-58167-en.html
1- Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
2- Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Food Science and Technology , m.varidi@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1426 Views)
This study was aimed to investigate the effect of Maillard reaction browning intensity (BI) on the interfacial properties of emulsion systems stabilized by soy protein isolate. The covalent bonding between soy protein isolate and gellan gum was confirmed by the BI and then the resulting protein-polysaccharide conjugates were classified into three low, medium, and high BI clusters using Hierarchical Agglomerative Clustering (HAC) method. Next, the emulsification properties (emulsifying capacity, emulsion stability, and the percentage of adsorbed protein), thermal stability, and rheological behavior of emulsion systems stabilized by the above clusters were evaluated. The emulsifying capacity and emulsion stability were increased more efficiently by the high BI soy protein isolate-gellan conjugate, showing its faster migration and absorption rate, and consequently higher percentage of absorbed protein to the interface, and also form a thicker, cohesive, and viscoelastic interfacial layer along with more steric repulsion at its oil/water interface. In addition, the apparent viscosity of emulsions in the presence of high BI conjugate was significantly higher than the systems stabilized by other conjugates (p<0.05). However, due to the more unmasked hydrophobic patches of the high BI conjugated protein, the thermal stability of its emulsion was lower compared to other counterparts. Therefore, the Maillard reaction under mild and controlled conditions along with minimal final compounds formation can improve the interfacial properties of soy protein to improve its application in the food industry.  
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Food Chemistry
Received: 2021/12/26 | Accepted: 2022/02/22 | Published: 2022/05/31

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