Volume 18, Issue 117 (2021)                   FSCT 2021, 18(117): 353-364 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Department of Food Science and technology, Quchan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Quchan, Iran
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, Quchan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Quchan, Iran. , mohamadisani@yahoo.com
3- Department of Food Science and Technology, Quchan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Quchan, Iran.
4- Department of Food Chemistry, Research Institute of Food Science and Technology, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (1422 Views)
Edible films, which in addition to creating beneficial effects by carrying antimicrobial compounds, antioxidants, etc., have biodegradable properties, have attracted the attention of many researchers. In this study, the gum obtained from the inner pod of bean with two concentrations of glycerol (40 and 60%) and three concentration of oregano essential (1, 2 and 3%) oil was used to produce biofilms. After studying the physicochemical and mechanical properties of the resulting films, the best treatment was combined with titanium oxide nanoparticles in two concentrations of 1 and 2% and its antimicrobial properties were also investigated. The results showed that increasing the essential oil raised the film thickness, while high concentrations of essential oil decreased the moisture content of the films. Although the addition of essential oil reduced the solubility of films compared with control sample, but in the treatments with essential oil, increasing the essential oil reduced the solubility of the film. Increasing the concentration of essential oil also increased turbidity and free radical DPPH activity. High concentrations of essential oil decreased the lightness of the films but increased the yellowing and redness compared to the control sample. Due to the interaction of the oil in the essential oil with the gum, the cohesion of the polymer network decreased and consequently, the tensile strength and the elongation factor at the break point decreased. Antimicrobial effect of films with 3% essential oil and 2% titanium oxide had the highest inhibitory area in the disk diffusion test with other samples on Staphylococcus Aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhoid, Bacillus Cereus and pseudomonas Aeruginosa significantly (p<0.05)
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Bioactive compounds
Received: 2020/11/19 | Accepted: 2021/02/13 | Published: 2021/11/1

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