Volume 5, Issue 16 (2008)                   FSCT 2008, 5(16): 13-19 | Back to browse issues page

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Investigation on Frying Oils Quality in Terms of Color Index, Refractive Index and Viscosity Values During Frying Process. FSCT. 2008; 5 (16) :13-19
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-4054-en.html
Abstract:   (7751 Views)
  In this study, changes in color index (CI), refractive index (RI) and viscosity in a range of commonly frying oils during frying process were investigated, and their performance compared to the carbonyl value (CV) as a reference method in monitoring of the quality of frying oils was evaluated. It was observed that the CI of the frying oils linearly increased with frying time. The initial CI of frying oils was 0.36±0.15 on average, and it reached 1.73±0.24 after 48 h of the frying process. The CI had a linear relationship with the CV with a high determination coefficient, R2 = 0.97, during the frying process. Assuming that the limit of acceptance for the CV is 43.50 µmol/g, this roughly corresponded to 1.12 for the CI. As the oxidation accelerated by heat proceeded, the value of RI linearly increased. On average, the RI of the frying oils changed from 1.468313±0.00051 (0 h) to 1.469671±0.00032 (48 h). The RI of the frying oils showed a high correlation with the CV (R2 = 0.94). Assuming that the maximum level permitted for the CV is 43.50 µmol/g, the RI of a frying oil should be ≤ 1.469075. Viscosity of the frying oils at 30 °C increased with time and changed from 45.11±13.84 mPa s (0 h) to 75.03±12.47 mPa s (48 h) on average. There was a strong correlation (R2 = 0.96) between the viscosity and CV of the frying oils. If 43.50 µmol/g of CV is the maximum level permitted in frying oils, viscosity of a frying oil should be ≤ 74.78 mPa s at 30 °C.
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Received: 2008/04/21 | Accepted: 2008/10/9 | Published: 2012/09/3

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