Volume 17, Issue 104 (2020)                   FSCT 2020, 17(104): 163-175 | Back to browse issues page


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Mahmoudi B, Jokar A, abdollahi F. Freezing of pomegranate seeds coated with chitosan and evaluating its quality during freezing storage. FSCT 2020; 17 (104) :163-175
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-36873-en.html
1- Msc student, Agriculture college, Hormozgan university
2- Assistant professor, Agricultural Engineering Research Department, Fars Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Shiraz, Iran. , akbarjokar@gmail.com
3- Assistant professor, Agriculture college, Hormozgan university
Abstract:   (1740 Views)

Maintaining the nutritional quality and preserving pomegranate seeds is a major challange due to the fast degradation of the texture, color and overall quality of pomegranate seeds. In order to investigate the freezing of coated pomegranate seeds with chitosan and determine its quality during freezing storage, an experiment was conducted, in a factorial arrangement in a completely randomized design with three replications. Factors were: chitosan at three levels (0, 1 and 2%), freezing temperature at two levels (-14 ° -24 ° C) and time at 5 different storage times (14 days, 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, and 120 days). The highest tissue firmness was observed for 14 days of storage under both chitosan concentrations. Interaction of different levels of chitosan coating and time had an increasing effect on the color component changes, so that the most color changes in the brightness (L*), redness (a*), and yellowness (b*) was related to the use of chitosan coating 2%, were maintained at 60 days. The highest total soluble solids were related to 1% chitosan under 4 months of storage at -14°C. Maximum total acidity (1.36 mg / L) was also attributed to coated pomegranate seeds during 120 days of storage under both freezing temperatures of -14°C and -24°C. The results of mean compares showed that the total phenol stability under freezing temperature was higher at -14°C and after 120 days of storage, more phenol content was observed in the seeds in -24° C. The overall results indicated a positive effect of chitosan on maintaining the quality of pomegranate seeds during freezing, and the freezing temperature of -24° C with decreasing color changes during storage, played an important role in reducing metabolic activity and reducing anthocyanin degradation and was effective in maintaining fruit quality.
 

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Drying, frying, freezing, osmotic dehydration
Received: 2019/09/28 | Accepted: 2019/12/7 | Published: 2020/10/1

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