Volume 15, Issue 83 (2018)                   FSCT 2018, 15(83): 217-226 | Back to browse issues page

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Cavitation effects of sonication on microbial load and physicochemical properties of orange juice. FSCT 2018; 15 (83) :217-226
URL: http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-7-20246-en.html
Abstract:   (5131 Views)
Strong interest of consumers in acquiring minimally processed foods that conserve the different micronutrients has raised the need to study the effect of food processing methods on quality attributes. The aim of this study was to determine the effect ultrasound treatment (for 5, 10, 15 min at 37 and 80 kHz frequency) on physico chemical properties (titratable acidity, pH, oBrix, browning index, opacity), color attributes and microbial load (total microbial population, yeast and mold, and coliforms) of orange juice. Results showed non-significant changes for titratable acidity, °Brix, and pH in sonicated samples compared to control (p>0.05). The difference between browning and opacity indexes of the sonicated samples and heating treatment sample was significant (p<0.05) and the sonication caused to decrease the browning and opacity indexes of orange juices. The color parameters investigation of orange juice samples showed that the decreasing of frequency sonication and increasing the time of treatment leads to increase the lightness (L*), and decrease of the redness (a*) of orange juice samples. Significant reductions in the microbial load corresponding to sonication time were also recorded (p<0.05). Results of the present study indicate that sonication coupled with mild temperatures may be employed as a suitable technique for orange juice processing, and may be applied to improve its safety, sensorial and nutritional quality.
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Article Type: Original paper | Subject: Food quality control
Received: 2017/12/25 | Accepted: 2018/02/4 | Published: 2019/01/15

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