Volume 15, Issue 81 (2018)                   FSCT 2018, 15(81): 35-47 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (7248 Views)
In this research, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)-based nanocomposite films containing montmorillonite (MMT) (1, 3 and 5% wt) were fabricated via casting method.Then, hybrid nanocomposites were prepared by loading dioxide titanium (TiO2) (1, 3 and 5% wt) nanoparticles (NPs) into nanocomposites containing 5% MMT. Moisture content, density, moisture uptake and mechanical properties of the produced films were determined. Also, surface morphology of the nanocompositeswere measured by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).The obtained results indicated that addition of NPs resulted in slightly increase of the films moisture content, and the production of denser samples. Incorporation of 5% MMT decreased moisture uptake of the nanocomposites up to 30%; this decreasing trend was maintained with TiO2 loading. The nanoclays enhanced ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and Young's modulus (YM) of the films at the expense of elongation at break. Addition of TiO2 into MMT-loaded nanocomposites caused to structural weakening and diminishing UTS and YM. SEM micrographs showed well-dispersed MMT and TiO2NPs through the films surface especially at low concentrations. In conclusion, although the films loaded with nanoclays exhibited better properties than the control film, inclusion of TiO2 improved the functional characteristics of them and extended the potential as a biodegradable packaging.
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Article Type: Original paper | Subject: Food quality control
Received: 2017/09/3 | Accepted: 2018/02/4 | Published: 2018/10/13

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